Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Scientists at ILRI have partnered with researchers from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the Urban Infant Foodscape project to investigate the epidemiology of diarrheal disease in young children in low-income urban communities in Nairobi. The objectives of the project are to estimate the prevalence of enteric infection in children aged 6-24 months, and to estimate the prevalence of bacterial contamination in the foods consumed by children with the aim of identifying the risks associated with microbial contamination of these foods along the food value chain from producer to consumer including household livestock kept for food. In addition, the antimicrobial resistance profile in key enteric bacterial pathogens E. coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter cultured from children’s stool and from children’s food will be described, with the aim of determining the risk factors for the carriage of AMR in these key bacterial pathogens along the food value chain. Information collected during this project will be used to develop risk assessment models. These will be used to inform locally appropriate interventions for the control of these pathogens and to reduce food borne disease in this population. This information could be extrapolated to other regions.