Goat Types of Ethiopia and Eritrea - Physical description and management systems

Table of Contents


The International Livestock Research Institute
Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia
The Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia
The Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation, Ethiopia

International Livestock Research Institute
October 1996


FARM-Africa specialises in agricultural development in Africa. Established in 1985, it is committed to helping the smallholder farmers and herders of Africa to help themselves, thereby breaking the cycle of famine and bringing new prosperity to neglected marginal communities. In partnership with local people, FARM's projects pioneer new strategies and techniques in crop and animal husbandry, aiming to produce more food and income in a sustainable way that does not damage the environment. Current projects cover dairy goats, pastoralist development, farmers' research, community forestry management and general rehabilitation and resettlement projects. FARM currently operates in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa.

FARM-Africa, PO Box 5746, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-1-553415; Fax +251-1-552143

FARM-Africa, 9-10 Southampton Place, London, WC1A 2EA, UK
Tel: +171-430-0440; Fax: 44-171-430-0460; email farmafricauk@gn.apc.org

ISBN 92-9146-014-1

Correct citation: FARM-Africa. 1996. Goat Types of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Physical description and management systems. Published jointly by FARM-Africa, London, UK, and ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. 76 pp.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.

Table of Contents




Field method
Analytical technique

Results: description of goat types

Nubian family


Rift valley family


Somali family

Hararghe Highland
Short-eared Somali
Long-eared Somali

Small East African family

Central Highland
Western Highland
Western Lowland

Discussion and conclusions


Appendix I. Sample size of each goat type

Appendix II. Correlation coefficients of the 35 active variables with the first seven principal components

Appendix III. Flock structure of goats in all clusters

Photographs of typical adult buck and/or typical adult doe, emphasising key characteristics for identification in the field